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Daily-mcqs 10 Feb 2024

Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC & State PSC Exams 10 Feb 2024

Current Affairs MCQs for UPSC & State PSC Exams


Consider the following statements regarding Supplementary Demands for Grants:

  1. Additional Grant caters to funding requirements for new services not originally budgeted for in the current fiscal year.
  2. Vote of Credit facilitates the funding of new services through the reappropriation of existing funds.
  3. Exceptional Grant for special purposes unrelated to the regular services of the fiscal year, often addressing unique or extraordinary circumstances.
  4. Token Grant addresses unforeseen demands on India's resources, offering flexibility in funding urgent needs.


How many of the statements given above are correct?

A: Only one

B: Only two

C: All three

D: None

Answer: (b)


Additional Grant: Funds new services not initially budgeted for. Hence statement 1 is correct.

  • Excess Grant: Covers situations where spending exceeds the allocated budget for a specific service; requires scrutiny and approval by the Public Accounts Committee before Lok Sabha approval.

  • Vote of Credit: Provides flexible funding for unforeseen resource demands, acting as a blank check from Lok Sabha to the Executive. Hence statement 2 is incorrect.

  • Exceptional Grant: Allocated for unique or extraordinary circumstances unrelated to regular services. Hence statement 3 is correct.

  • Token Grant: Facilitates funding for new services by reallocating existing funds, typically involving a nominal sum and Lok Sabha approval. Hence statement 4 is incorrect.


Hence option (b) is correct.


Consider the following:

  1. Wet scrubbing
  2. Decantation
  3. Wet sulphuric acid process
  4. Spray-dry scrubbing


How many of the above given methods are used for Flue Gas Desulphurisation?

A: Only one

B: Only two

C: Only three

D: All four

Answer: (c)


FGD methods, including wet scrubbing, spray-dry scrubbing, wet sulfuric acid process, SNOX Flue gas desulfurization, and dry sorbent injection systems, are utilized to remove sulfur dioxide (SO2) from industrial emissions. Wet scrubbing employs alkaline sorbents in a slurry, while spray-dry scrubbing atomizes sorbent slurry into fine droplets for effective SO2 removal. The wet sulfuric acid process recovers sulfur as commercial quality sulfuric acid, and SNOX integrates SCR for NOx removal with wet scrubbing. Dry sorbent injection systems introduce powdered sorbents directly into exhaust ducts for efficient SO2 and SO3 removal.


Consider the following statements regarding National Green Hydrogen Mission:

  1. The Ministry of Power serves as the nodal ministry for this endeavour.
  2. The initiative targets investments exceeding Rs 8 lakh crore and is anticipated to create six lakh jobs.


Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A: 1 only

B: 2 only

C: Both 1 and 2

D: Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (b)


The National Green Hydrogen Mission incentivizes green hydrogen production, aiming to position India as a net exporter. It focuses on demand creation, production, utilization, and export of green hydrogen. Sub-schemes include funding for domestic electrolyzer manufacturing (SIGHT) and identifying regions for large-scale production (Green Hydrogen Hubs). By 2030, the mission targets 5 MMT of annual green hydrogen production, alongside adding 125 GW of renewable energy capacity. It anticipates over Rs 8 lakh crore in investments, six lakh job opportunities, and reducing fossil fuel imports by over Rs 1 lakh crore. Hence statement 2 is correct.

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy oversees this initiative. Hence statement 1 is incorrect.


Hence option (b) is correct.


Consider the following statements about Kilkari Programme:

  1. It is a programme to inculcate literacy in children from the age of 6-14 years.
  2. The programme is available in all 22 languages of Eighth Schedule of Indian Constitution.
  3. The programme also focuses on the new mothers or who will me a mother soon.


How many of the above statements are correct?

A: Only one

B: Only two

C: All three

D: None

Answer: (a)


The Kilkari program, launched on January 15, 2016, as part of India's Digital India initiative, is a mobile health (m-health) initiative offering free weekly audio messages to new and expectant mothers. Hence statement 1 is incorrect and 3 is correct.

These messages cover topics related to pregnancy, childbirth, and childcare, aiming to provide essential health information. Available in six languages, including Hindi, Bhojpuri, Oriya, Assamese, Bengali, and Telugu, the program is currently operational in 18 states and Union Territories, with nine more states in the process of joining. Hence statement 2 is incorrect.

Additionally, the program offers a complimentary audio training course for Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), enhancing their capacity to support maternal and child health initiatives.

Hence option (a) is correct.


Consider the following description:

The highest peak within the country stands at Marrah Mountain. A significant river, renowned as the longest globally, traverses the land from south to north. This river is fed by tributaries such as the White Nile, the Blue Nile, and the Atbarah. Rich mineral deposits including gold, copper, and petroleum contribute to the nation's resource wealth. It experiences a tropical climate characterized by warm temperatures throughout the year. Notably, the Darfur region has gained global attention due to prolonged civil conflict and unrest.


The above paragraph talks about which of the following countries?

A: Somalia

B: Sudan

C: South Sudan

D: Democratic Republic of Congo

Answer: (b)


Located in Northeast Africa, Sudan is the continent's third-largest country by area, following Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Bordered by Eritrea to the east, the Red Sea to the northeast, Chad to the west, and Egypt to the north, Sudan also shares boundaries with Libya, South Sudan, Ethiopia, and the Central African Republic. The nation boasts diverse physical features, including the towering Marrah Mountain, while being traversed by the majestic Nile River, the longest globally, flowing from south to north. Rich in mineral resources such as gold, copper, and petroleum, Sudan's tropical climate and the troubled Darfur region also define its landscape and history.

Hence option (b) is correct.