Brain Booster for UPSC & State PCS Examination (Topic: Foreign Universities: Campuses in India)

Why in Broadcast?

  • Recently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) announced the draft regulations for ‘Setting up and Operation of Campuses of Foreign Higher Educational Institutions in India’.

Terms and conditions for foreign universities

Only full-time programmes in offline mode:

  • Foreign universities with campuses in the country can only offer full-time programmes in offline mode.
  • Online or distance learning will not be allowed. Need of University Grants Commission (UGC) nod:
  • The foreign universities and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) will need a nod from the UGC to set up their campuses in India.

Limited period approval with strict quality control:

  • Initial approval will be for 10 years and will be renewed in the ninth year subject to the meeting of certain conditions.
  • The foreign universities shall not offer any such study programme which jeopardizes the national interest of India or the standards of higher education in India.

Functional autonomy to Foreign Universities:

  • Foreign universities will have the freedom to decide their admission criteria and fee structure.
  • However, the commission can advise on keeping the fees “reasonable and transparent”.

Matters related to funds and funding as per FEMA,1999:

  • The cross-border movement of funds will be according to the Foreign Exchange Management Act.
  • Cross-border movement of funds and maintenance of Foreign Currency Accounts, mode of payments, remittance, repatriation, and sale of proceeds, if any, shall be as per FEMA, 1999.
  • An audit report shall be submitted annually to the commission certifying the operations of the FHEIs.

NEP, 2020

  • The National Education Policy [NEP], 2020, has envisioned that top universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India.
  • A legislative framework facilitating such entry should be brought by the Government.
  • Foreign universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutions of India.

Benefits of Establishing the foreign Universities in India

  • Such Foreign Higher Educational Institutions will provide:
  1. International dimension to higher education in India.
  2. Enable Indian students to obtain foreign qualifications at affordable cost.
  3. It will make India an attractive global study destination.
  • The foreign institution will recruit the top international faculty and staff and strengthen the quality of higher education in India.

Mechanism for the selection of the foreign universities

There will be two categories of foreign institutions eligible to apply for setting up their campuses in India:

  1. The universities that have secured a position within the top 500 of overall or subjectwise global ranking.
  2. A reputed institution in its home jurisdiction.

UGC will be the regulatory body:

  1. The UGC shall constitute a standing committee to examine matters related to the setting up and operation of campuses of foreign HEIs in India.
  2. The standing committee shall assess each application on:
  • The credibility of the educational institutions.
  • The programmes to be offered.
  • Potential to strengthen educational opportunities in India.
  • Proposed academic infrastructure.