India Nepal Border Dispute - Daily Current Affair Article for UPSC, IAS, Civil Services and State PCS Examinations


India Nepal Border Dispute - Daily Current Affair Article for UPSC, IAS, Civil Services and State PCS Examinations


Context :-

A road from Dharchula to Lipu Lekh (China border) was inaugurated by India's Defense Minister Rajnath Singh (a program on videoconferencing on 8 May) to which objection is now lodged by Nepal.

India Nepal dispute: -

  • The dispute led to Nepal's Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli had the opportunity to hide the inefficiency of his government and failure to meet the basic needs of the people, and divert attention from the rising tide of protest from within his party. His pungent remarks in the Nepali Parliament are ignored in the interest of preserving India-Nepal relations. China's advantage in Nepal is now ignoring Indian interests.
  • Nepal deployed its armed police in Chharang, close to Kalapani in its far west. The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is also located in Kalapani as it is close to the Indo-China border. The Indian Army is not there because of Nepal.
  • The Nepalese government has stepped up the move and authorized a new map, expanding its territory into a sensitive area for the defense of India, over which the dispute grew.

History of Indo-Nepal border dispute: -

  • There is a long history of border delimitation. Before the Sugauli Treaty of 1816, the Nepali state extended from the Sutlej River in the west to the Teesta River in the east. Nepal lost the Anglo-Nepalese War and the resulting treaty limited Nepal to its present territories.
  • The Sugauli Treaty states that "he is the king of Nipal [Nepal], by which the Honorable , East India Company is included in all the above mentioned territories," including the entire region of the lowland between the Kali rivers and the Rapti. is extended . "It is further explained that" he is the king of Nipal [Nepal] who sacrifices for himself, his heirs and heirs, all claiming or having relations with and to the countries west of the Kali River and Never have any relationship.
  • The current controversy arose from the topic that Nepal believes that the Kali river is not a tributary connecting the Mahakali river in Kalapani. Nepal now states that the Kali River lies to the west near Lipu Lekh.
  • The British used the Lipu Lekh Pass for trade with Tibet and China. From the 1870s onwards, maps of the Survey of India showed the area of the Lipu text as part of British India from Kalapani. The Rana rulers of Nepal and Nepali kings accepted the border and did not object to the Indian government after India's independence.
  • As a reward for the military help offered by Jung Bahadur Rana in ending the 1857 rebellion, the areas of Nepalganj and Kapilvastu were soon restored to Nepal. The British did not return any part of Garhwal or Kumaon to Nepal, including the Kalapani region.
  • India did not exist when Sugauli Treaty was signed in 1816. And India's current borders, not only with Nepal, but with many of its other neighbors, were drawn by the then British rule. India inherited the boundaries of British India. It can no longer reveal historical past.
  • Nepal-India Technical Level Joint Border Working Group was established in 1981 to resolve border issues, demarcate international border and manage border pillars. By 2007, the group had finished preparing 182 strip maps, signed by surveyors on both sides, covering nearly 98% of the range, with the two disputed areas of Kalapani and Susta all but disputed.

The way forward: -

  • Roti Beti creates a strong relationship between India and Nepal. In such a situation, it is not very difficult to resolve these disputes. The next steps are the acceptance of strip maps by the respective governments (Nepali government still awaited), resolving differences on Kalapani and Susta and speeding up the construction of damaged or missing border columns.
  • India has successfully resolved issues far beyond the border with Bangladesh, covering land and sea borders. Land border settlement required transfer of population and exchange of territories under adverse occupation of both countries, including an opposition
  • The remaining issues related to the border are not difficult to resolve unless they are entangled in domestic or international concerns. The next steps are the acceptance of strip maps by the respective governments (the Nepali government is still awaited), resolving differences on Kalapani and Susta and speeding up the construction of damaged or missing border columns.

General Studies Paper- II

  • International Relations

Mains Question:-

  • Are disputes in India Nepal a result of historical error? Discuss?

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