The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 31 July 2019


The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 31 July 2019


1. Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 Passed in the Lok Sabha -

After the necessary consideration and discussion in the Lok Sabha today, the Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 was passed. The purpose of the bill is to protect consumer interests through the establishment of consumer authorities to solve consumer disputes. The rules in the bill have been simplified. The passage of the bill will give instant justice to consumers. The government is in favor of simplifying the entire process related to consumer complaints.

The Bill proposes to constitute Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) by the Central Government. The objective of the Authority is to promote and implement the rights of the consumer. The Authority will have the right to investigate the complaint and to impose financial penalties. It will regulate reporting of incorrect advertisements, unfair business practices and violation of consumer rights. Those officers who have been misunderstood or fined up to Rs. 10 lakhs and those manufacturers or those who support false advertisements have the right to sentence up to two years' imprisonment.

Key Features of the Bill:

a. The Right to Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA)

  • Investigation of consumer rights violations and complaints of the institute
  • Withdrawing unprotected goods and services
  • Prevent unfair business and deceptive advertisements Penalties on publishers of manufacturers / supporters / misleading advertisements

b. Simplified dispute resolution process-

i) Economic jurisdiction has been enhanced-

  • District Commissions upto 1 Crore
  • State Commission- 10 million to 10 crore
  • National Commission - more than Rs. 10 crores

ii) Automatic acceptance of complaint after 21 days of filing
iii) The right to enforce the order by the Consumer Commission
iv) Right to appeal only after the question of law after the second phase
v) Easy to contact the Consumer Commission

  • Filing facility from residence
  • E-filing
  • Convenience of video conferencing for hearing

c. Mediation

  • An Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism
  • The reference to arbitration by the Consumer Forum, wherever in the beginning, is the only solution and the two sides agree.
  • Mediation Center will be associated with Consumer Forum
  • No appeal for appeals in the solution through mediation;

d. Product Responsibility

If a product or service is found to be defective then the product manufacturer / vendor or service provider will be held responsible for the indemnity Faulty product base:

  • Decrease in construction
  • Fault in design
  • The actual product is different from the declared attributes of the product
  • Service defective

New Bill - Benefits to Consumers:

Consumers currently have only one option for justice, which takes a lot of time. Accelerated justice has been provided in the bill through the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA).

Provision of harsh punishment for the prevention of adulteration in misleading advertisements and products

  • Provision of responsibility on manufacturers and service providers to prevent defective products or services
  • Ease of contact and simplification of process by Consumer Commission
  • Scope for early settlement of cases through mediation
  • New age consumer issues - rules for e-commerce and direct sales

2. Parliament passed three divorced bills in 2019-

The passage of the Three Divorce Bill 2019 will open the door to unlimited possibilities for Muslim women, so that they can play an effective role in the creation of New India. This bill is a historic step taken to ensure the dignity of the Muslims. Women and keep them intact. . The government is dedicated to empower women and protect women's rights, and three divorces were banned in this direction. Uran phase

3. The 22nd National Conference will be held in Shillong, in e-Governance 2019-

Administrative reforms, Public Grievances Department and Electronics and Information Technology Ministry and Meghalaya government are jointly organizing 22nd National Conference on e-Governance 2019 in Shillong on August 8-9, 2019. This conference is being organized for the first time in the North Eastern Region. This conference is effective to prepare and implement sustainable e-Governance initiatives to provide all types of digital services, exchange experiences, solve risks, solve issues, and plan for success. Provides a platform for sharing information about methods. The 22nd National e-Governance Conference in Shillong is part of the DARPG's 100-day initiative of the new government.The theme of this conference is "Digital India: Excellence from Success". During the conference, 5 sub-topics will be discussed in the full session. These sub-topics are - India Enterprises Architecture (INDEA), Digital Infrastructure, One Nation - One Platform, Emerging Technology for Professionals, Secretariat Improvement, National e-Governance Service Supply Assessment (NESDA), Inclusion and Capacity Building, Innovators and Industries Organize four sessions of sub-topics like coordination with all types of digital services, information technology initiatives of state governments Will be.
28 states and eight union territories have given their consent to participate in this conference. More than 450 delegates are expected to attend this conference. An exhibition will also be organized during the conference to demonstrate India's achievements in the field of e-governance.

4. The Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) will launch a new program tomorrow for community innovation-

To promote innovation in India, the key initiative of the Policy Commission will be to launch a new flagship program for community innovation in New Delhi tomorrow. The purpose of this new initiative is to encourage the spirit of innovation in the country. The purpose of the initiative is to create innovative ecosystems and socially inclusive mechanisms. Apart from this, there is also an equal distribution of infrastructure for innovation across the country. He emphasized that this new program will be implemented in tier-1 or metro cities, tier-II and tier-3 cities, smart cities, aspiring districts, northeast, Jammu and Kashmir as well as the rural and tribal areas of the country. The infrastructure has been prepared for the areas.

Courtesy: PIB