The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 29 August 2019


The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 29 August 2019


1. India launches world's first Facial Biometric Data Based Navigator Identification Document-

  • India has become the first country in the world to release biometric navigator identification documents (BSIDs) by collecting facial biometric data of sailors. The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Union Shipping and Chemicals and Fertilizers today launched the project in New Delhi. Did it He handed over new BSID cards to five Indian sailors. The new facial biometric technology is superior to two finger or eye pupil based biometric data. It also has modern security measures. This will make the identity of the sailor receiving the SID card more reliable and it will also protect the seamen's dignity and privacy. India made a presentation based on this technology at the ILO.
  • On this occasion Mr. Mandaviya said that the country is moving fast under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. Coastal shipping inter-country waterways and other maritime activities are increasing rapidly. This has created employment opportunities in the region. The number of Indian sailors in the international shipping industry has increased. The number of Indian sailors employed in India or abroad was 1,54,349 in 2017, which has increased to 2,08,799 this year. It has recorded an increase of 35 percent.
  • The new identity card conforms to International Labor Organization Agreement No. 185 on BSID. The agreement was agreed by India in October 2015.
  • 9 data collection centers have been set up in Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Noida, Goa, Mangalore, Kochi, Visakhapatnam and Kandla for issuing BSID cards. Every Indian citizen who has received a Continuous Discharge Certificate issued by the Government of India will be considered eligible for the BSID card.

2. Launch of Integrated Online Junction 'School Education Shagun' -

  • In order to strengthen the field of school education, the Union Human Resource Development Minister launched the integrated online junction 'School Education Shagun', one of the world's largest online junctions, in New Delhi today. Initiatives have been taken to connect all the online portals and websites related to school education through this online junction.
  • School education omen 'is one such platform through which the foundation of education will be strengthened. The word sh in 'Shagun' refers to school, which means school and guna denotes quality.
  • Through school education omen, students will get material for online reading, as well as the opportunity for video-based education. It can also be known through the website which schools are in your area and what services they are providing. Apart from this, Union Minister Pokhriyal also announced the creation of 'Integrated National School Education Fund' (INSET), through which all information related to students, teachers and schools will be available from one platform.

3. The Prime Minister will inaugurate the CDRI during the United Nations Climate Change Summit in New York on 23 September 2019.

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given ex-post facto approval for the establishment of International Alliance on Disaster Management Infrastructure including the Assistant Secretariat Office in New Delhi. The proposal was approved by the Prime Minister on 13 August 2019.
  • CDRI is proposed to be launched during the United Nations Climate Change Summit on 23 September 2019 in New York, USA. This summit, organized by the UN Secretary-General, will bring together a large number of Heads of State to express their commitment towards tackling the effects of climate change and the disasters that result from it, and will make the high level of attention required for CDRIs noticeable.

Among other things, the following initiatives were approved:

  1. Establishment of International Alliance on Disaster Management Infrastructure (CDRI), including the Assistant Secretariat Office in New Delhi;
  2. Under the Registration of Societies Registration Act, 1860, the Secretariat of CDRI will be established in New Delhi on the basis of availability under the name 'CDRI Institution' or similar name. The Memorandum of Association and the bye-laws of 'CDRI Institution' will be prepared and finalized by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in due course.
  3. India for technical assistance to CDRI and funding of research projects on an ongoing basis, setting up of secretariat office and recurring expenses for a period of five years from 2019-20 to 2023-24. In principle approval of the Government of 480 crores rupees (about $ 70 million) assistance; And
  4. The supported format of the Charter document will act as the founding document for CDRI. The charter will be finalized after NDMA takes information from potential member states in consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs.

Major impact:

  • CDRI will provide services as a platform where information about various aspects of disaster and climate friendly infrastructure will be collected and exchanged. It will gather the technical expertise of diverse stakeholders in one place. In the same sequence, it will create a system that will help countries to upgrade their capabilities and practices to make infrastructural development according to their risks and economic needs.
  • This initiative will benefit all sections of the society. The economically weaker sections, women and children are the most vulnerable section of the society in terms of the impact of disasters and in this case they will benefit from improving knowledge and practices in relation to creating disaster friendly infrastructure. In India, the Northeast and Himalayan regions are earthquake hazards, coastal areas prone to cyclonic storms and tsunami, and the Central Peninsular regions are drought prone areas.

Innovation:

  • In various countries with different types of disaster risk and development, there are many initiatives on various aspects related to disaster risk reduction and many initiatives related to infrastructure development.
  • The Global Organization for Disaster-Friendly Infrastructure will address concerns that exist equally in developing and developed countries, small and large economies, countries with early and advanced stages of infrastructure development, and countries with moderate or high disaster risk. There are some works related to the Sendai Framework, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and concrete initiatives at the meeting point of climate change adaptation, focusing on infrastructure. Focusing on disaster-friendly infrastructure will at the same time focus on targets related to harm reduction under the Sendai Framework, focus on multiple SDGs and also contribute to climate change-related adaptation. Therefore, there is a clear opportunity for an international alliance on disaster management infrastructure.
  • Publication of information related to the risk of natural risks in different regions of India will give people an opportunity to understand the risks of their areas and they can ask the local and state governments to take measures to mitigate and deal with the risks. .

4. The Cabinet approved the signing of an agreement on cooperation between India and Peru in the field of medicinal plants-

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing of an agreement on cooperation in the field of medicinal plants between the National Medicinal Plants Board, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India and National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Peru.

Major impact:

  • Considering the rich biodiversity related to medicinal plants in both countries and the presence of indigenous traditional medicinal systems based on medicinal plants and recognizing the friendly and cooperative relations between the two countries, the proposed agreement will provide a wide range of medicinal plant areas between the two countries. Bilateral cooperation will increase. This agreement will prove to be extremely important for both countries. The agreement will provide a structured framework of cooperation between the two countries regarding medicinal plants.

Implementation Strategy and Goals:

  • Immediately after the signing of the agreement, the engagement between the two sides will begin. The steps taken by both countries will be in line with the scope of the agreement and will continue till the agreement is operational.

Related expenses:

  • There will be no additional financial implications of this agreement. The necessary financial resources for conducting research, training courses, conferences / meetings will be sourced from the existing allocated budget and existing planning schemes for the National Medicinal Plants Board, Ministry of AYUSH.

Background:

  • India is one of the most prosperous countries in the world in terms of bio-technology and is estimated to have a folk tradition of over 7000 species of plants and medicinal uses in proven systems of traditional medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (Ayush system of medicine). Have been happening. The Republic of Peru is one of the Latin American countries, which are as important as India in terms of biodiversity in the world. Peru also has a rich biodiversity of medicinal plants and traditional medicinal systems based on medicinal plants are used predominantly by native people.
  • The proposed agreement on cooperation in the field of medicinal plants is envisaged considering the rich biodiversity of medicinal plants in both countries and the use of these resources in indigenous traditional medicinal systems and strengthening bilateral cooperation.

Courtesy: PIB