The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 20 August 2019
1. Fourth Advance Estimate of Major Crops Production for 2018-19
The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare today released the fourth advance estimate of production of major crops for 2018-19. The assessment of production of various crops is based on the feedback received from the states and has been verified from information received from other sources. The details of the estimated production of various crops as per the fourth advance estimates for 2018-19 are compared to the comparative estimates for the years 2005-06 onwards.
According to the Fourth Advance Estimates, the details of estimated production of major crops during 2018-19 are as follows:
Foodgrains - 284.95 million tonnes
- Rice - 116.42 million tonnes (record)
- Wheat - 102.19 million tonnes (record)
- Nutritious / coarse cereals - 42.95 million tonnes
- Maize - 27.23 million tonnes
- Pulses - 23.40 million tonnes
- Gram - 10.13 million tonnes
- Toor - 3.59 million tonnes
Oilseeds - 32.26 million tonnes
- Soybean - 13.79 million tonnes
- Rye and Mustard - 9.34 million tonnes
- Groundnut - 6.69 million tonnes
Cotton - 28.71 million bales (per 170 kg)
Sugarcane - 400.16 million tonnes (record)
- As per the fourth advance estimates for 2018-19, total food production in the country is estimated at 284.95 million tonnes which is 19.20 million tonnes more than the average food production of the last five years (2013-14 to 2017-18).
- The total production of rice during 2018-19 is estimated at a record 116.42 million tonnes. Rice production has increased by 3.66 million tonnes as compared to 112.76 million tonnes in 2017-18. It is also 8.62 million tonnes more than the average production of 107.80 million tonnes in the last five years.
- Production of wheat is estimated at 102.19 million tonnes (record) which is 2.32 million tonnes more than the production of 99.87 million tonnes achieved during 2017-18. Further, the production of wheat during 2018-19 is 7.58 million tonnes more than the average wheat production of 94.61 million tonnes during the last five years.
- The total production of pulses during 2018-19 is estimated at 23.40 million tonnes which is 3.14 million tonnes more than the average production of 20.26 million tonnes in the last five years.
- The total production of oilseeds in the country during 2018-19 is estimated at 32.26 million tonnes. The production of oilseeds during the year 2017-18 was 31.46 million tonnes. The production of oilseeds during 2018-19 is 2.61 million tonnes more than the average oilseeds production.
- The total production of sugarcane in the country during 2018-19 is estimated at 400.16 million tonnes, with an increase of 20.25 million tonnes as compared to 2017-18. In addition, sugarcane production during 2018-19 is also higher by 5038 million tonnes than the average sugarcane production of 349.78 million tonnes in the last five years.
- Cotton production is estimated at 28.71 million bales (per 170 kg) and jute and mesta production is estimated at 9.77 million bales (per 180 kg)
2. Greater possibilities to increase bilateral trade between India and Lithuania
- During his visit to the three countries of the Baltic region, the Vice President addressed the Indian community in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, on the second day, stating that the level of bilateral trade between the two countries is below its total capacity. The Vice President said that Lithuania could be an important technology partner for India, especially in areas such as laser, renewable energy, agro-food processing and life sciences.
- The Vice President underlined the fact that India is also joining the world's fastest growing large economies and said that the business environment in India is very positive and encouraging due to the many initiatives taken by the Government of India. He said, "The mantra of New India is Reform, Perform and Transform."
- India is one of the most open or liberal economies in the world and is now ranked 77th among 190 countries included in the World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index. The Vice President praised the Indian community for its work as a bridge to integrate the cultures of India and Lithuania. He asked the Indian community to remain fully aware of the rich culture of their motherland and also to make concerted efforts to spread India's message of peace and goodwill, which symbolizes the universal and eternal philosophy of 'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam'.