The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 18 July 2019


The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 18 July 2019


1. National Investigation Agency Bills (Amendment) -2019

  • The approval was given by the unanimous approval in the National Assembly of the National Investigation Agency (Revised) 2019.
  • Now wherever in the world terrorists will be attacked against Indians, NIA will be able to investigate.

2. Incredible India campaign became the winner of the Golden Gold Award 2019-

  • The Ministry of Tourism, during the year 2018-19, Incredible India "Find the Incredible U" campaign was released globally. This campaign was declared the winner of Parra (Pacific Asia Travel Association) Gold Award 2019. 198 applications were received from 78 organizations this year.
  • Under the campaign strategy, the experience of the passengers on the experience of destination centers has given special significance.
  • Mercury Gold Awards are given to give excellent contribution in promoting tourism in the Asia-Pacific region.

3. Agreement between India and USA for cooperation in the field of medicine-

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the inter-institutional agreement between India and the US in the fields of life-giving medicine and 30 bioprinting, exchange of new technologies, scientific ideas / information and technologies and joint use of scientific infrastructure. .

Benefit:

  • Under this agreement, joint research projects, training programs, conferences, seminars etc. will be open to all qualified scientists and technologists and they will be supported on the basis of scientific competence and excellence. There is a possibility of producing new intellectual property, procedures, prototypes or products in scientific research and technology development in the field of new life-giving medicine and 3D bioprint.
  • Both institutions estimate that the general educational exchanges undertaken under the agreement will expand some special projects, each of which can have academic, clinical and business impact.

Major features:

  • The objective of the agreement is to contribute to the expansion of research and education of both the institutions through academic cooperation. Common areas of common interest where cooperation and knowledge exchange are included: -
  • Exchanges of faculty members and students for training, studies and research, especially for areas of 3D bioprinting.
  • Execution of joint research projects; And
  • Exchange of information and educational publications

4. The Cabinet approved the extension of the 15th Finance Commission till 30 November 2019-

  • In the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Union Cabinet has approved the extension of the 15th Finance Commission till November 30, 2019. In view of this, the Finance Commission will be able to consider various comparable estimates for financial estimates.

Background:

  • The President constituted the 15th Commission on November 27, 2017, using Section (1) of Article 280 of the Constitution and the Finance Commission (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1951. The Commission had to present its report on 30 October, 2019 for the period of 5 years beginning from April 1, 2020 on the basis of its working area.
  • Keeping in mind the major financial / budget reforms made by the central government in last 4 years, the Commission has been constituted. These reforms should end the Planning Commission and bring it to the policy commission, to eliminate the distinction between non-plan and plan expenditure, to increase the budget calendar a month, and to pass the full budget before the start of the new financial year on February 1, July Implementation of object and service tax (GST) from 2017, involving the creation of a new FRBM framework along with borrowings and financial loss measures.
  • The work area of the Commission takes into account the above financial / budget reforms. It will take time to make recommendations by the Commission on the basis of the expenditure and receipts of the Central and State Governments, because continuity of data and checking of data sets from start to end becomes challenging.

Courtesy: PIB