The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 13 September 2019
1. India joins Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub-
- India has joined the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development (AMRR & D) Hub as a new member. Today the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology made this announcement in New Delhi. This has expanded global partnerships to address challenges in AMRR&D and improve cooperation and coordination in 16 countries, the European Commission, 2 philanthropic establishments and 4 international organizations (as observers).
- Congratulating India on joining as a new member, Ms. Bersbelframe, Acting Chair of Global AMRR & D, Board Member and Director General of the Center for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control at Canada Public Health Agency, said that India as an important member in the global partnership I am very happy to welcome you. There is a need to actively work through the participation of all world regions and health sectors to deal with AMR. Membership of the members of the Hub should be expanded to ensure the needs of different countries while considering the activities and functions of AMRR & D.
- The Center was launched in May 2018 on the sidelines of the 71st session of the World Health Assembly due to a call made in 2017 by G-20 leaders. The Global AMRR&D Hub operates from the Secretariat in Berlin. It is currently being funded through grants received from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG).
- India will be its member from this year. With the participation of Global AMRRD Hub, India will be able to leverage the existing capabilities and resources of all the partner countries and collectively by focusing on research and development interventions and will be able to tackle drug resistant infections. AMR is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of the drug. This allows microbes to be successfully treated. Today, the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance is widespread throughout the world without any hindrance. Given the important and interdependent human, animal, and environmental dimensions of antimicrobial resistance, India considers it appropriate to address antimicrobial resistance issues through a health outreach. This requires long-term commitment and cooperation from all stakeholders.
2. India-Thailand Joint Military Exercise Friendship - 2019-
- A joint military exercise called Friendship 2019 between India and Thailand will be held from September 16 to September 29, 2019 at the Foreign Training Node in Umroi, Meghalaya. Every 50-50 soldiers of the armies of India and Thailand will participate in this exercise. It aims to share experiences gained during counter-terrorism operations in their respective countries.
- Prahaka Maitri is an annual training program, held in rotation in Thailand and India since 2006. It is worth noting that India conducts military training exercises with several countries. However, in the changing scenario of global terrorism, practice friendship with Thailand is of paramount importance given the security challenges of both countries. The exercise involves company level joint training based on counter-terrorism operations in the wild and urban landscape.
- Joint military exercises will increase defense cooperation between the Indian Army and the Royal Thailand Army. This will help in strengthening bilateral relations as well as enhance defense cooperation between the two countries.
3. Prime Minister launched 'Pradhan Mantri Kisan Man-Dhan Yojana'-
- To secure the lives of farmers, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Man-Dhan Yojana in Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand. This scheme will save the lives of 5 crore small and marginal farmers. A minimum pension of Rs 3000 per month will be provided to such farmers at the age of 60 years.
- The Prime Minister also launched the National Pension Scheme for businessmen and people engaged in self-employment. The objective of this scheme will be to provide a minimum pension of Rs 3000 per month to small traders and persons engaged in self-employment at the age of 60 years. About 3 crore small traders will benefit from this scheme.
- The Prime Minister also called for the country to reduce the use of single-use plastics. Referring to the 'Swachhata Hi Seva' program launched on 11 September 2019, the Prime Minister said that since yesterday, the 'Swachhata Hi Seva' campaign has started in the country. Under this campaign, by October 2, we have to collect single-use plastics from our homes, schools, offices. On the day of Gandhiji's 150th birth anniversary i.e. 2 October, we have to remove this plastic pile.
4. Call for increasing cooperation between India and Switzerland in the field of science technology and innovation-
- The President arrived in Switzerland yesterday in the first leg of his visit to three countries Iceland, Switzerland and Slovenia.
- The President visited the University of Bern where he addressed students, faculty members and diplomats. He also gave a lecture on the new India-Switzerland partnership on this occasion.
- India and Switzerland have long been sharing democratic values, pluralism and enterprise. The world today is looking at India and Switzerland with admiration. Switzerland is one of the oldest democratic systems in the world. Where more than 2000 communes are working in a democratic way. On the other hand, India is the largest democratic country in the world with 90 crore voters.
- The cultural partnership between India and Switzerland paved the way for bilateral cooperation. This work was done long before the treaty of friendship between the two countries. Today, more than 250 Swiss companies are operating in India. Similarly, large technology companies of India are present in Zurich, Basel and Bern. There are immense possibilities of cooperation and connectivity between the two countries.
- Cooperation in science, technology and innovation is growing rapidly between India and Switzerland. He said that more than 80 scientific institutions and teams of 300 researchers from India are connected to each other under the joint program. The President said that Switzerland is leading everyone in the world in terms of innovation. India is also achieving new heights in the field of 'StartApps and Smart Solutions'. Today, India has the third largest network of start-ups in the world. More than 21000 enterprises are working in various fields including robotics and vitiligo. Startups of India and Switzerland have joined hands to work in many areas including climate change, human health. India also hopes to partner with Switzerland in many more such areas.
- India has an ambitious program to develop 100 smart cities in which Switzerland's experience can prove to be very helpful. It will go a long way in building sustainable places in urban areas, cleaning the country's rivers and making processed foods. He said that Switzerland's green technology and India's green energy needs are compatible with each other. Today, India has the world's largest renewable energy expansion program. We have set a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022.
- India is home to 20% of the world's population, but the country has only 4% of the world's renewable water resources. In such a situation, along with reviving the traditional methods of water conservation, we are also adopting new methods to save ground water. Launched with an investment of US $ 50 billion, our new National Water Campaign- Jal Jeevan Abhiyan aims to provide tap drinking water to 146 million households by 2024. New opportunities of cooperation exist between India and Switzerland in this campaign. The Government of India seeks the cooperation of the Government of Switzerland in the field of water management, rational use of clean water and water treatment.