The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 13 July 2019


The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 13 July 2019


1. Operation Yangjing-

  • In Kanpur village of Chuachchandpur district of Manipur, it was carried out to catch the criminals.
  • Due to the time-driven campaign, there has been a shock to the rebel Guo. And the heinous conspiracy of recovery and other minor crimes has been exposed.

2. World Food India-

  • There is a huge platform to encourage food processing in the Central and States. In order to encourage this idea the Ministry will organize road shows in the States.
  • The Ministry invited the MPs to spread awareness about the Mega Event World India-2015.

3. Occupational Safety, Health and Workplace Status Bill-2011

The National Democratic Alliance government is continuously making efforts for the welfare of people of different sections of the society with the spirit of 'everyone along with development and belief of everyone'. With this objective, the Union Cabinet has approved the introduction of Business Safety, Health and Workplace Bill, 2019 in Parliament, under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister. Through this, arrangements related to the safety, health and workplace conditions of workers in the bill can be made several times better than the present.

The following arrangements of 13 important central labor laws have been made simple and rational through the new code:

  • Factory Act 1948;
  • Quarry Act 1952; Port Workers (Security, Health and Welfare) Law, 1986;
  • Building and Other Construction Work (Employment Regulation and Terms of Service) Act 1996
  • Plantation Labor Act 1951;
  • Contracts Labor (Regulation and Elimination) Act, 1970
  • Interregionary Migrant Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act 1979;
  • Worker journalists and other newspaper employees (Terms of Service and Other Provisions) Act, 1955;
  • Working journalist (fixed pay rate) act 1958;
  • Motor Transportation Workers Act 1961;
  • Sales Promotion Staff (Terms of Service) Act 1976;
  • Beedi and Cigar Workers (Employment Conditions) Act of 1966 and
  • Cinema Staff and Cinema Theater Employees (Act 1981).
  • With the implementation of the new code, all the above said Acts will be included in this Code and they will no longer exist anymore.

Benefit:

Better conditions of working in security, health facilities and workplaces are also the first condition for the economic development of the country, along with the welfare of the workers. The country's healthy workforce will be more productive and better arrangements for security in the workplaces will reduce the accidents which will be beneficial for the employees as well as the employers. With the aim of providing healthy and safe working conditions for the country's workforce, the scope of the new labor code has been increased from existing 9 major industrial areas to all the industrial establishments where 10 or more people work.

4. Incentives to rural road connectivity-

  • Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the launch of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana-III (PMGSY-III) to encourage rural connectivity across the country. This scheme covers the major rural connectivity roads connecting rural areas (GRAM), secondary schools and hospitals to one-way roads and residential areas.
  • There is a proposal to strengthen the 1,25,000-kilometer long roads in the states under PMGSY-III scheme. This includes the major rural connectivity roads connecting one end from the other end to the rural areas and rural agricultural markets (GRAM), secondary schools and hospitals.

Effect:

  • With this, movement from rural agricultural markets, higher secondary schools and hospitals will be easier and faster.
  • Roads built under PMGSY will be properly maintained.

Financial Intent:

  • The estimated cost of the project is 80,250 crores (central share- 53,800 crores, state share- 26,450 crores rupees).
  • The share of funds between the Center and the states will be in the ratio of 60:40, but in 8 North Eastern States and in three Himalayan states (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand), the share will be in 90:10 ratio.

Implementation:

  • Project duration: 2019-20 to 2024-25
  • Selection of roads will be done on the basis of total marks from the points obtained by the road special on the basis of the standards of population, market, educational and medical facilities etc.
  • Construction of bridges for 150 meters in the field and construction of bridges in Himalayas and 200 meters in North Eastern States is proposed. The present provision is 75 meters in the plain areas and 100 meters in the Himalayas and in the North-Eastern states.
  • States will be asked to sign MoU before the launch of PMGSY-III, so that adequate funds can be made available for maintenance of roads after the construction maintenance period of five years under PMGSY.

Background:

  • The Finance Minister had announced the PMGSY-III scheme in his budget speech in 2018-19.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs will continue PMGSY-I and PMGSY-II ahead of the 12th Five Year Plan in its meeting on August 9, 2018 and cover remaining eligible residential areas under PMGSY-I till March-2015 and to March -2020 PMGSY-II and the marked LWE blocks had been approved to continue covering the residential areas (100-249 population).

PMGSY-I:

PMGSY was launched in December 2000. Its purpose was to provide all weather-friendly, single-road connectivity to the untouched eligible residential area by the road connectivity of the fixed size (500+ plain areas and 250+ northeast, hill, tribal and desert areas according to 2001 census, All-socio-economic development can be done. 97% of eligible and potential residential areas have been connected with all weather-friendly roads.

Road Connectivity Project (RCPLWEA) for Extremist Affected Area

Under the PMGSY, the government launched a separate road connectivity project for the extremist affected areas in 2016, in view of the security and communication system, providing all weather-friendly road connectivity with the necessary pulses in the critical 44 districts and adverse water drainage structures. Can be done. 5,066 km long road was approved under the scheme.

Courtesy: PIB