The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 01 August 2019


The Gist of PIB in English for UPSC, UPPSC/UPPCS, MPSC, BPSC & All State PCS Exams - 01 August 2019


1. Approval of the expansion of the Commission constituted under Article 340 of the Constitution-

  • Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet approved the expansion of the term of the Commission constituted under Article 340 of the Constitution from 31st July, 2019 to 31st January, 2020 for consideration for the preparation of sub-categories in the Other Backward Classes in Central list. Has given.

Benefits:

  • With the proposed extension in the term "commission" will be able to submit comprehensive reports on the issue of creating categories of OBC after consultation with various stakeholders.

2. Agreement for cooperation between the Space Research Organization and the Bolivia Space Agency for exploration and use in outer space for peaceful purposes -

Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet has given post-facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Bolivia for cooperation in exploration and use in outer space for peaceful purposes.

On this MOU, on March 29, 2019, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Bolivia Space Agency signed the President of India to Bolivia in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Description:

  • Potential of cooperation like space science, technology and applications including the Memorandum of Understanding, Earth's Remote Sensing, Satellite Communication, Satellite Based Navigation, Space Science and Planetary Exploration, Spacecraft, Space Systems and Surface Systems Applications and Application of Space Technology. Will enable the areas of interest.
  • This Memorandum of Understanding will help in establishing a joint working group by involving members of ISRO and Bolivia Space Agency (ABA), which will also prepare work-plan including timetable and MOU implementation methods.

Implementation policy and goals:

  • This signed MoU will help in setting up a Joint Working Group to complete the designated implementation management and to prepare the work plan including the timelines and implementation methods of this MoU.

Major impact:

  • This Memorandum will help explore new research activities and application possibilities in the field of Earth's Remote Sensing, Satellite Communication, Satellite Navigation, Space Science and Exploration of Outer Space.

Outgoing spend:

  • Regarding each specified activity, the financial contribution will depend on the nature of the joint activity, whose details will be given in the related implementation agreements (arrangements) / contracts.

Benefit:

  • This Memorandum of Understanding will lead to the development of joint activity in the field of applications of space technologies for the betterment of humanity.

Background:

Bolivia Space Agency (ABE) had expressed the desire to set up space cooperation with ISRO in a letter written to the Indian Ambassador to Bolivia in December, 2016. In the follow up process, ISRO deliberated on possible support in Earth Supervision and satellite communication during hosting a two-member delegation on 5-6 June, 2017. The ABE delegation reviewed ISRO's technical facilities in Bangalore. Bolivia's side expressed great interest in starting space cooperation with India. Indian Ambassador to Bolivia requested ISRO to send a standard draft about space cooperation, which can be shared with Bolivia.

Considering the importance of this request, the agency-level MOU draft for the India-Bolivia space cooperation was shared with the approval of Bolivia, with the approval of ISRO Chairman / Secretary DOS. Accordingly, the Bolivian side gave its consent and the two sides agreed on this form to sign.

3. Approval of an ISRO Technology Contact Unit in Moscow-

  • In the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet has approved the establishment of an ISRO Technology Contact Unit (ITLU) in Moscow, Russia.

Financial liability:

  • On an ITLU located in Moscow, Russia, the average expenditure for salaries, office expenses, rent, taxes, etc. is about Rs 1.50 crore annually.

Details:

In Moscow, ISRO Technology Contact Unit (ITLU) will facilitate effective technical coordination of dialogue with Russian and neighboring countries from time to time on various issues to achieve ISRO's program goals. The contact officer appointed by ITRO in ITLU will provide technical details about the developments in the field of research and technology and the details available in the meetings with researchers, government agencies and industries of the respective countries. He will also support the ongoing bilateral programs of cooperation in space technology and work on behalf of ISRO on related issues.

Benefits

  • Through this, ISRO will be able to cooperate with space agencies / industries in Russia and neighboring countries to interact.
  • ISRO's Gaganiyana Program needs to develop some of the key technologies and establish special features, which are necessary to support life in space.
  • Keeping in mind the timetable of August 15, 2022, to make the Gaganayan Human Space Program a reality, it is wise to establish a technology partnership with international space agencies who have already demonstrated the capabilities in their particular areas. There is a plan to partner with Russia in this direction, which will be important in many areas.

Implementation Strategy:

  • The management of ILTU Moscow will be done by ISRO Scientific / Engineer appointed as "Councilor (Space)" on adjustment to ISRO. Along with this, cooperation will be given at the local level. This process is planned to be completed within 6 months of acceptance.

Effect:

  • Technical details about developments in the field of research and technology will be made available by contact officials and details of meetings with researchers, government agencies and industries in related countries will be provided. They will also support the ongoing bilateral programs of cooperation in space technology and work on ISRO related issues.

Background:

Earlier, the Department of Space had established ISRO Technology Contact Units (ITLU) in Washington, America and Paris, France. Its main purpose was to establish relations with government and space agencies in America and Europe, respectively. The space cooperation relationship between India and Russia is very strong, which has been sustained since the beginning of the space age. At present, both countries are actively communicating in diverse areas of the space program. In addition to increasing participation with Russia, India has also expanded space cooperation with countries around Russia. Its aim is to maintain coordination and cooperation to increase the technology participation at the international level.

4. Agreement between India and Bahrain for cooperation in exploration and use of external space for peaceful purposes-

Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet was apprised of signing the MoU between India and Bahrain for cooperation in exploration and use in outer space for peaceful purposes.

  • The Memorandum of Understanding was signed by India on March 11, 2019 in Bengaluru and on March 28, 2019, in Bahrain by Manhattan.

Description:

  • Potential of cooperation like space science, technology and applications including the Memorandum of Understanding, Earth's Remote Sensing, Satellite Communication, Satellite Based Navigation, Space Science and Planetary Exploration, Spacecraft, Space Systems and Surface Systems Applications and Application of Space Technology. Will enable the areas of interest.
  • This Memorandum of Understanding will help in establishing a joint working group by joining the members of the DOS / ISRO and the Bahrain Government of Bahrain National Space Science Agency (NSSA), which also plans work including time-bound and MOU implementation methods.

Will do Implementation policy and goals:

  • This signed MoU will help in setting up a joint working group to complete special implementation management and to prepare work-plans including timelines and implementation methods of this MOU.

Effect:

  • This Memorandum of Understanding will help explore new research activities and application possibilities in the field of Earth's Remote Sensing, Satellite Communication, Satellite Navigational, Space Science, Exploration of Outer Space.

Benefit:

  • Through this Memorandum of Understanding, cooperation with the Bahrain government has been encouraged to develop joint activity in the field of applications of space technologies for the betterment of humanity. Thus all parts and areas of the country will be benefited.

5. Signing of the United Nations Treaty on International Reconciliation Agreements as a result of mediation by India-

  • Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the UN Convention on International Solution Agreements (UNISA) as a result of the mediation arising from the Republic of India on 7 August, 2019 or in the United Nations Headquarters.

Benefits:

  • The signing of the treaty will increase the confidence of the investors' confidence, and positive message can be sent to the foreign investors about India's commitment to follow international process on alternative dispute resolution (ADR).

Initiative to promote ADR system:

To develop a comprehensive mechanism for mediation in order to encourage international commercial arbitration in India, the government is going to establish New Delhi International Arbitration Center (NDICAC) as a statutory body. The Commercial Court Act, 2015 has been amended and the legal process for amendment in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 is currently in progress. The objective of these initiatives is to promote the solution of domestic and international commercial disputes through the ADR mechanism of mediation and reconciliation in India. A new chapter (3A) has been included in the Commercial Court Act, 2015 to make mediation and settlement compulsory at the pre-institution level in certain selected category cases. Thus, the provisions of 'treaty' are consistent with efforts to strengthen domestic laws and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.

Background:

The United Nations General Assembly had accepted the United Nations Treaty on International Solution Agreements as a result of mediation ("Treaty") on December 20, 2018. The General Assembly was authorized to sign an agreement at a function in Singapore on August 7, 2019, and it will be known as "the Treaty of Singapore on Arbitration" (Treaty).

Treaty provides a uniform and efficient mechanism for implementing international reconciliation agreements as a result of arbitration and treaty on recognizing and implementing foreign arbitration decisions to give such agreements, arbitration decisions to various parties (New York , 1958) ("New York Treaty") paved the way for the implementation of the mechanism. The treaty also describes two additional bases, on the basis of which a court can refuse to provide relief. These figures are related to this reality that a dispute will not be solved by mediation or it is against public policy.

Courtesy: PIB