Tele Law : A good option for Legal Aid - Daily Current Affair Article

References

According to the data published by the government, the number of beneficiaries who have received legal aid through Tele-law has reached 4 lakhs.

Introduction

  • The main objective of the Tele-law program is to diagnose the cases before the trial. According to recently published data, the number of beneficiaries receiving legal advice by Tele-law has reached 4 lakhs.
  • From April 2020 to October 2020, this program has provided legal assistance to 250,000 people. This law mainly provides legal assistance to the poor and the deprived of society.
  • According to current data, so far about 423400 cases have been registered in this program, out of which legal assistance has been given in 409432 cases. 29860 CSC centers are set up for the smooth implementation of this program.

About the Tele-law program

  • Tele-law has been established in 2017 under the Department of Justice. Keeping in mind the "Digital India vision", the program was launched by the Department of Justice with the objective of ensuring access to justice to the vulnerable group by using communication technologies.
  • The objective of this program is to identify the legal problems early and take the necessary initiatives to solve these problems.
  • This program ensures its reach to the rural level.

Tele Law: Eligibility and Procedure

  • As per clause 12 under the Legal Services Authority 1987, free legal advice will be given to people belonging to scheduled castes, scheduled tribes (including women and children) through the Tele-law program. People of other communities will have to pay a fee of Rs 30.
  • Under this program, the vulnerable sections and poor people are joined by a group of advocates. These advocates are elected by the Department of Justice and CSC-E Governance Services, or they are registered with the State or District Legal Services Committee.
  • It uses technology like video-conferencing, telephone calls.
  • Tele-law app has been made to ensure this facility in remote areas.
  • Information about this program is available in 22 languages on the web portal. Tele-law dashboard contains real-time data about registered cases and advice.
  • Thus the program ensures access to justice to all

Benefits from Tele-law Program

  • Article 39A of the Constitution of India provides for equal justice and free legal aid to all. The National Legal Services Authority was established for this purpose. Tele-law helps in getting the benefit of Article 39A by providing legal assistance to poor and deprived people for free or at a very low fee.
  • The main objective of this program is to resolve the cases before the trial. Thus it gives rise to the concept of preventive justice.
  • Technology is more used in this program. Therefore, in this program paper, physical access is required. It also benefits the environment.
  • According to statistics in the Indian judiciary, 58,700 cases are pending in the Supreme Court and about 44 lakhs in the High Courts and about three crore cases are pending in the District and Sessions Courts and Subordinate Courts. The number of these cases can be prevented from increasing by the Tele Law.
  • Among the main criticisms of the Indian judiciary, it is said that its far-reaching and expensive system negatively affects the concept of justice to all. The Tele Law protects poor people from the expensive system by providing necessary legal assistance at the beginning of the problem.
  • The complete details of this program are available on the website, thus it is a transparent program that reinforces the concept of good governance.

Challenges before Tele-law: -

Although Tele Law is a successful concept, it has some problems.

  • In India, lakhs of new cases are presented before the court every year. In this situation, registration of only 423400 cases in 3 years is a demonstration of the low capacity of this program.
  • Due to lack of awareness, the Indian public is unable to avail of free legal aid.
  • India lacks legal literacy and digital literacy, which is a hindrance to the success of this program.
  • Registered lawyers are many times reluctant in guiding and providing legal aid.

The conclusion

The burden of litigation on the Indian judiciary, and the difficult process and expensive system of the judiciary, had left the general public and the underprivileged out of the reach of justice. Although there are some challenges, this initiative of the Department of Justice of India is a good initiative for " justice for all". It is playing an important role in establishing justice in India.

General Studies Question Paper 2
  • Government

Mains Question:-

  • Discuss the Tele-law program? How will it be useful for the judicial system in India?