“Situation of ethical standards on Simlipal Issue” - Daily Current Affair Article


After the recent fires in Simlipal Biosphere Reserve, the importance of this topic is not showing much importance among the media and general public.


  • Ethics helps in the decision of right or wrong in human life, but it is not the medium where everyone reaches the same solution. Circumstances are also responsible for deciding on an ethical issue.
  • Some time ago, we were all moved by the fire in the bushfire of Australia or the Amazon forests. India's media was also constantly telling the suffering of animals, animals, and birds, but recently including the media on the fire in Simlipal forest of Odisha. The silence of the enlightened class calls for testing the moral standards of the present day.

Sources of ethical standards

To guide us on difficult ethical questions, philosophers, religious teachers, and other thinkers have put forward several approaches to ethical decision-making. There are mainly five different approaches to resolving ethical issues:

  • Utilitarianism Approach
  • Rights-based approach
  • A view of fairness or justice
  • Approach to the public good
  • Virtue approach

Utilitarian approach

  • It was developed in the 19th century by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. According to this theory, ethics or ethical action is the one that should establish the highest balance of good over evil.

According to this view, there are three necessary steps to analyze an issue.

  • The first is to identify the various options available for action.
  • Who will be affected by each action and what can be the losses due to each action?
  • We will choose the activity that 'gives the best and the least evil.
  • Ethical action is that which makes the best good available to the most people. This theory states that "the most ethical of any two actions would be the one that produces the highest balance of profit over a loss."

Rights-based approach

  • This approach is based on the principles of Emmanuel Kant.
  • This approach relates to 'rights of the individual.
  • In this view, it was emphasized that 'every person has the right to be treated with dignity and respect. What separates humans from others is that they can judge freely what they will do with their lives, and respect this option because it is their fundamental moral right. Man is not something to be broken.
  • While statutory rights are codified in law, moral rights are justified by society's generally accepted moral standards. The moral form should always be thought of as a fruit, not as a means. This means that to use others as a means is to use a person for one's benefit.
  • The authority imposes a duty. This duty either prevents them from doing anything. Is or provides permission to do something.
  • The right approach also applies to the statutory claims that we make to each other, namely; Life and freedom.

Approach of Justice

  • This approach is quoted from the teachings of the famous Greek philosopher Aristotle. Aristotle said that "equal should be treated equally and unequal with unequal".
  • At the core of this approach is the ethical question, 'How appropriate is any action or step? Does it treat everyone equally or does it show favoritism or discrimination? ' Partiality is to benefit some people without proper reasoning. Discrimination, however, is to put a burden on those who are not separate from those who have not been burdened. Both are unfair and different.

Approach of collective welfare

  • Greek philosophers also contributed to the concept that 'life in the community is beneficial in itself and our work should be a contributor to that community life.
  • 'This view suggests that the interrelated relationship of society is the basis of ethical reasoning, and thus respect and compassion for all, especially the weaker class, are the requirements of this argument.
  • This approach also calls attention to common conditions which are important for the welfare of all. It can be a system of law, effective police and fire department, health care, public education system, and even public recreation area.

Virtue approach: -

  • The very ancient view of ethics is that ethics must be consistent with some ideal virtues that provide for the full development of our humanities. It is these virtuous nature and values that motivate us to work in the same way on behalf of our character's highest potential and values like truth and beauty.
  • Honesty, courage, kindness, generosity, harmony, love, loyalty, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are examples of virtue.

Ethical approach and issue of Simlipal: -

  • In the tragedy of Simlipal, there is a lack of harmony among the various sections, love towards the people, the integrity of the media for its work which does not conform to these sections in virtue There is a sense of honesty in the government's immediate support and efforts to control the situation.
  • Simlipal tragedy is causing loss of biodiversity which will negatively affect the environment, sustainable development, future of human beings, global warming, thus it is not a view of public good either.
  • This sentiment was expressed in the Amazonian and Australian bushfire cases by this enlightened section of India. Social media, television media had all taken that matter to the public. But its absence was seen in the Simlipal case which violates the principle of justice and fairness.
  • According to the rights-based approach, we should understand that when we are taking resources from nature and exercising it as our rights, then we also have some duty towards nature, forest, and wildlife. But beyond this, most civil societies have remained silent which is a violation of the rights-based approach to morality.

The conclusion

This tragedy and silence over this tragedy are depicting increasing inactivity and falling Ethical sense. The time has come for us to evaluate our ethical standards.

General Studies Paper 4
  • Ethics and Integrity
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Mains Question:-

  • Evaluate the Simlipal tragedy based on the source of moral standards? Do you agree that the sources of moral standards are now having a limited influence?