Sachar Committee Report - Daily Current Affair Article

CONTEXT:

A Plea has been submitted in the SC to prevent the Centre act upon the recommendations of the Sachar committee, report in 2006, regarding any scheme initiation for Muslim community.

CONSTITUTION OF SACHAR COMMITTEE

In March 2005, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh constituted this committee with seven members headed by former Chief Justice of Delhi High Court Rajinder Sachar. This was done in order to understand and identify the social, economical and educational status of Muslim community in India.

In November 2006, the committee submitted its report.

MAJOR FINDINGS

  • The committee found major disparities in the Muslim community with regard to development.
  • They placed them even below the SCs and STs in India wrt backwardness.
  • They highlighted their neglect in determining roles like IAS, IPS and their low representations in the society.

MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS

  • An Equal Opportunity Commission to be established to look into grievances.
  • Establishing a nomination procedure to increase participation of minorities in public bodies.
  • Creating a delimitation procedure which does not reserve constituencies with high minority population for SCs.
  • To link Madarsas with higher education system to ensure better and proper education.
  • Recognise degrees offered by madarsas in defence, civil and banking examinations.
  • Improve the employment share of Muslims.
  • Establishment of National Data Bank for storage of relevant data wrt various Socio-religious communities.
  • UGC should evolve a system where part of the allocation to colleges and universities is linked to the diversity in the student population.

VOICES AGAINST COMMITTEE

  • Though the Government states their aim to fill the developmental gap between the Indian society and the Muslim community, the constitution of Sachar committee points at infringement of secular nature.
  • As the Article 14 and 15 prohibits any kind of discrimination especially on caste and religion based, the constitution of this committee especially for one community deems unfit as the government cannot favour or disfavor any single community.
  • The plea demands to state this committee as 'unconstitutional'.
  • Even the introduction of Population control bills in UP and Assam ignites this issue when the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is coming to the required result.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SACHAR COMMITTEE

  • The importance of the findings and recommendations of this committee comes in handy in times of tug-war between population growth and economic disparity.
  • If it comes down to Muslim community, then it's the actual reality whereby this specific community has got the least share of the development since Independence.
  • Despite economic boom Muslims have to bear the brunt of the so called “competitive” forces unleashed by liberalization.
  • Increasing their representation in the society, improving education system and looking into their predicaments is the only way to uplift them.
  • Community-specific factor for low educational achievement is that Muslims do not see education as necessarily translating into formal employment.
  • Proving the ideology wrong that Muslim community is the sole reason for increasing population. The graph below explains it
  • In times where education will be the most important weapon to uplift the Muslim community, the Sachar committee report presents this data showing the education level amongst the community
  • The percentage of Muslim children getting higher education and getting selected in IITs should concern the policy makers

CONCLUSION

India is a World-leader when it comes to secular development. Basking in the light of SDGs 1, 2 and 3 focusing on 'No poverty', 'Zero hunger' and 'Good health and Well-being', India needs to ensure that no one is left behind, no community gets lost. With Average Monthly per-capita expenditure being 980 amongst Muslims(lowest in India), the wide social disparity needs to be tackled with sincere efforts and genuineness, not honey-laden traps and undignified perspectives.

Sources

  • Indian express
  • The Hindu
  • Sachar committee report
     
General Studies Paper 2
  • Governance