LinkedIn Opportunity Index and Status of Women in Indian Workforce - Daily Current Affair Article

References

The recently published LinkedIn Opportunity Index reports on gender discrimination at the workplace in India.

Introduction

The recently published LinkedIn Opportunity Index receipts are reflecting on-site gender discrimination in India. According to this report, about 85% of the women during the Corona period in India were unable to receive promotions because their ability was affected by domestic and organizational work coming together during work from home. In the Asia Pacific region, this average is 60% which is much less than the figure of India.

Key points of the report

  • According to the LinkedIn Opportunity Index 2021, 9 out of 10 or 89 percent of women in India have been negatively affected by the coronavirus epidemic.
  • The report states that 85 percent of women in India have missed out on growth, promotion, or other work proposals due to their gender discrimination. This figure has been 60% in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • The report states that many women in India, despite having the flexibility to work from home, face obstacles such as lack of time and family care. 50% of women have acknowledged that gender discrimination poses a problem of inequality of opportunity.
  • 71% of women admitted that it is difficult to reconcile work and household responsibilities.
  • 63 percent of women think that gender of the person is important to get ahead in life. 54% of men also considered sexuality to be essential for promotion.
  • According to 22% of women, the environment of companies is favorable for men.
  • According to 66% of Indian women, gender discrimination is now less than a generation ago.

Key Conclusions from Index

The LinkedIn Opportunity Index is making it clear that gender discrimination in India exists even after 72 years of independence. It is clarifying the following challenges.

  • Equality of opportunity for women is not being found in India. This situation is a clear violation of the rights given to women in Articles 14, 15, 16 of the Constitution.
  • The concept of equal pay for equal work is also being affected in the Directive Principles of Policy of the Constitution of India.
  • Women represent about 49% of India's population. Such disparities will affect the ability of women in the workplace, which will eventually affect the country's GDP and economic growth as well.
  • This report shows the inversion of the constitution of the country and the evils of the society and is clarifying that the society of India has not yet become democratic.
  • Although gender discrimination has decreased compared to a generation ago, gender discrimination is still happening on a large scale.

Status and Nature of Women in India's Labor Force

  • The current female workforce participation rate in India is 23.7% (26.7 percent in rural areas and 16.2 percent in urban areas). The declining trend is particularly strong in rural areas, where it has fallen from 49.7 percent in 2004-05 to 2015-16. Has increased to 26.7 percent.
  • 66 percent of women's work is unpaid, compared to 12 percent of men on average in India.
  • Women's labor force participation, gender discrimination in pay, lack of social security, high rates of informal work, sexual harassment at the workplace are still present today as barriers to the goal of gender equality in India and empowerment of women.

Efforts made for the empowerment of working women in India

Constitutional provision

  • Articles 15 and 16 of the Indian Constitution protect from discrimination based on gender. In the Directive Principles of the Indian Constitution, equal pay has been provided for equal work. The Constitution of India also provides for women's reservations.

Legal provision

  • The government has extended the period of maternity leave provided under the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 to 26 weeks instead of 12 weeks. It also has other provisions that can make it easier for women to work.
  • Initiatives taken by the Ministry of Labor under the Factories Act 1948, especially concerning the protection of women for travel. According to this provision, the state will provide a pick and drop facility for late working women which will help in creating a strong infrastructure to create an enabling environment for working women.
  • The Equal Remuneration Act, 1948 also applies equally to men and women without any discrimination.
  • The Local Complaints Committee (LCC) has been set up in each district to receive harassment complaints by the Women Harassment (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act at the workplace. The Act contains several provisions for the empowerment of women at the workplace.

Other important initiatives

  • The government has taken some important initiatives to promote gender equality and welfare. These include Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Abhiyan, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Poshan Abhiyan, and Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.
  • Under the Mahila Shakti Kendra scheme, efforts are made to empower rural women through community participation.
  • Establishment One-stop center has been arranged in each district.
  • To increase employment opportunities for women workers in the country, the government provided necessary training in industrial training institutes, national vocational training institutes, and regional vocational training institutes.

What should be done

Various efforts have been made for women's empowerment in India, due to these efforts, 66% of women are believing that gender discrimination has decreased compared to a generation ago. But it is also a harsh truth that India needs to make a lot of efforts in this direction.

  • Social status of women is different from that of men. Women at work at different stages (eg single women, married women, young mothers, and legitimate women) re-enter the workforce after a break. Where there is an emotional difference with the ability to work. There is a need to accept sexually sensitive thinking in this situation.
  • Along with law, it is mandatory for society to be democratic. Divergence of the principles of society and law brings a big problem. To overcome this time, it is necessary to develop women's empowerment as a mass movement.
  • On some grounds the legal problem also needs to be rectified. Legislation designed for women working in the unorganized sector to ensure a legal framework up to gender-sensitive provisions such as privacy, minimum wage, maternity benefits, leave and grievance redressal can benefit in the direction of women empowerment.

The conclusion

  • According to the World Development Report (World Bank, 2011), in the era of globalization, if half the population of a country (ie women) is engaged in non-remunerative and less productive economic activities then that country cannot achieve its full potential. is.
  • With the improvement of the status of women, along with economic, social benefits, the status of an institution called family also gets strengthened. Although India has tried in the direction of women empowerment since independence, patriarchy, sexual harassment, gender discrimination have also made a major obstacle in the path of women empowerment.
  • It is necessary that all stakeholders, including society, law, government, courts, cooperate in making the country and society progressive by establishing a mass movement in this direction.
General Studies Paper 1 and 2
  • Indian Society and Social Justice
  • Role of Women and women organizations.
  • Welfare schemes for the most sensitive sections of the population by the Center and the states and the performance of these schemes;
  • Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and bodies set up to protect and improve these very sensitive sections.

Mains Question:-

  • In the era of globalization, if half the population of a country (ie women) is engaged in non-remunerative and less productive economic activities, then that country cannot achieve its full potential. Analyze the statement in the light of the recently published LinkedIn Opportunity Index and the status of working women in India?