Climate Change Performance Index and India's Climate Change Policy - Daily Current Affair Article

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India has made it to the top 10 for the second time in a recent Climate Change Performance Index released by the German Watch.

Introduction:-

  • Climate change has become a major problem for the whole world. The global community is working to address this issue. The Climate Change Performance Index report has been released by German Watch based on efforts to address climate change. According to this report, India is also among the top ten countries doing better on climate change.
  • Three developing countries including India have been successful in the top ten countries in the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) -2021. These developing countries included Morocco, Chile, and India. Only two countries of the G-20 have managed to make it to the top ten countries, among which Britain is ranked fifth, with India.

About the Climate Change Performance Index

  • It is released by the Germanwatch organization since 2005.
  • It reviewed the status of 57 most GHG emitting countries and the European Union.

Key points of the index

  • No country succeeded in getting first, second and third place.
  • Sweden in fourth place, the UK on fifth, Denmark on the sixth, Morocco on the seventh, Norway on the eighth, Chile on ninth, and India on the tenth.
  • The United States America is the worst-performing country for the second time in a row.
  • Those who performed poorly after America are Saudi Arabia and Iran.
  • According to the report no country has succeeded in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement.
  • Among the analysis of 57 countries has been found that more than half the countries have reduced their emissions.
  • However, the performance of any country in the field of renewable energy was not up to the mark with the target.
  • The situation in the European Union has also improved this time. From 22nd place last year, this time managed to get 16th position.

What are the basis of measurement?

In this report, estimation is done on 14 parameters of 4 categories.

These four categories and their measurements are as follows

1 - Emission of greenhouse gases - 40%

  • This category includes the following parameters
  • The current level of per capita greenhouse gas emissions -10%
  • Past trend of Per capita greenhouse gas emissions -10%
  • The current level of per capita greenhouse gas emissions compared to well below of 2 ° C reduction compatible pathway-10%
  • Greenhouse gas Emission Reduction 2030 target compared to well below of 2 ° C reduction compatible pathway - 10%

2-Climate Policy -20%

This category includes the following parameters

  • National Climate Policy -10%
  • adherence to international climate policy -10%

3- Energy usage - 20%

This category includes the following parameters

  • The current level of energy consumption per capita - 5%
  • Past trend of Per capita energy consumption - 5%
  • The current level of Per capita energy consumption compared to well below 2 ° C reduction compatible pathway-5%
  • Energy consumption Reduction 2030 target compared to well below of 2 ° C reduction compatible pathway - 5%

4-Renewable energy -20%

This category includes the following parameters

  • Current Renewable energy share in total energy consumption - 5%
  • Development of Energy supply from Renewable energy Source - 5%
  • The current share of Renewable energy per TEPS compared to well below 2 ° C reduction compatible pathway - 5%
  • Renewable energy 2030 target compared to well below of 2 ° C reduction compatible pathway - 5%

Performance of India

  • India's performance in the category of renewable energy was moderate.
  • Apart from this, India has performed the highest in all three categories.
  • India has scored 63.98 out of 100.
  • India was ranked 9th last year.
  • It reflects India's efficient policies towards climate change.

India's policy towards climate change

  • India had set a target of 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by the end of 2022, which has been announced to increase to 450 GW.
  • India is conducting eight missions of the National Action Plan on Climate Change.
  • These missions are:-
  1. National Solar Mission
  2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
  3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  4. National Water Mission
  5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
  6. Green India Mission
  7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
  • India has set a target of achieving 40% electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based resources by the year 2030. It also aims to create a carbon sink equivalent to about 3 billion tonnes of CO2 by 2030.
  • India Designed International Solar Energy Alliance.

The conclusion

The environment has been important in India since ancient times. India is continuously pursuing compliance with the Paris Treaty and India has emerged as a global leader on environmental issues. India's performance in the Climate Change Performance Index confirms India's dedication towards environmental policies. To save our existence, the entire world including India needs to make the conservation of the Earth and its resources a part of the lifestyle by putting them into practice. Protection of nature has become a necessity rather than a moral duty.

General Studies Paper 3
  • Environment and Ecology

Mains Question:-

  • India has emerged as a global leader on environmental issues. India's performance in the Climate Change Performance Index confirms this fact. Do you agree with the statement? Give an argument in favor of your answer?