Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam: Paper - III (General Studies – II) - 21 August 2019

Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS Mains Exam


Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam


UPSC Syllabus:

  • Paper-III: General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Q. The Concept of Asymmetric federalism has much been debated in the news .Do you think Indian Federalism reflects the characteristics of such kind of federal feature? Discuss.(250 Words).

Model Answer:

  • Why in news?
  • Introduction
  • Asymmetrical provision
  • Not Asymmetric
  • Conclusion

Why in news?

Why in News: Recent abrogation of article 370 and 35A by centre unilaterally has raises a debate on nature of Indian Federalism as asymmetric.

Introduction:

 “Asymmetric federalism” is federalism based on unequal powers and relationships in administrative, political and fiscal agreements spheres between the units which constitute a federation. Asymmetric federalism involves the granting of differential rights to certain federal subunits, often in recognition of their distinctive ethnic identity.

Various provisions where Indian Federalism reflects the characteristics of such kind of Asymmetric federal features are:

Various provisions where Indian Federalism reflects the characteristics

It’s not an asymmetric federation as:

  • The Special status for States in India is not absolute because it can be taken unilaterally by the union.
  • Asymmetric constitutional provisions are a common feature of federalism in diverse societies like India.
  • Several States in India enjoy differential rights in their relationship to the Union by constitutional design itself, depending on their unique geopolitical and geographical compositions.
  • The basic idea for such an asymmetric arrangement is that the interests of States to protect the Intra-State diversity with stronger intra- group ties or ethnic bases — like Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland

Conclusion:

The Constitution of India’s chose an asymmetrical federal principle to protect federal nature by preserving the diversity and unity of India while honoring the subjective contexts of various states.

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