Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam: Paper - III (General Studies – II) - 11 September 2019

Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS Mains Exam


Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam


UPSC Syllabus:

  • Paper-III: General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Q. What is the strategic importance of the Indo-Pacific Region? Discuss the policies adopted by India vis-a-vis the other stakeholders in the region. (250 words)

Model Answer:

  • Why in News?
  • Introduction
  • Strategic importance of the Indo-Pacific Region
  • Policies adopted by India vis-à-vis the other stakeholders in the region
  • Conclusion

Why in News?

On a two day visit to Russia External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar, said that Indo Pacific is one of the new concepts and approaches thrown up by the changing world. The use of this term ‘Indo-Pacific’ has increased and gained importance in countries and international forums in recent times.

Introduction:

The Indo-Pacific region is debated as the expanse ranging from the eastern shores of Africa to the western coast of the United States. The inter connectedness and then interdependence of the two oceans i.e., the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean is a product of growing forces of globalization, trade and changing equations between various actors which has broken down older boundaries and opened up newer avenues.

Strategic importance of the Indo-Pacific Region:

  • The Indo-Pacific is a multipolar region, contributing more than half of the world’s GDP, politics and population. For example, 60 per cent of the region’s trade has been taking place within the region.
  • The growing footprint of China across the region has increased the strategic importance of the Indo-Pacific Region. China is a crucial trading partner for all the major states in the region and also taking active interests to lead the economic partnerships of the region.
  • The relative decline of the U.S. alliance system and it’s striving for resurgence. While the United States still is a net-security provider in the region for its allies and possesses the most potent navy, its strategies have left the door open for China in some cases and harmed its own allies in the rest.
  • The region is highly heterogeneous in terms of economic size and level of development, with significant differences in security establishments and resources.
  • In Indo-Pacific, the rising seaborne trade is an indication of growing interdependence of the Indo-Pacific countries.
  • The Indo-Pacific region contains a host of developing countries and LDCs (least developed countries) and some important developed countries such as Japan, US and Australia. It not only motivates greater South-South cooperation but also promotes North-South cooperation.
  • The region is turning into the world’s leading FDI source as well as destination.

Policies adopted by India vis-à-vis the other stakeholders in the region:

India adopted an open, integrated and balanced approach in the Indo-Pacific region.

  • India stands for a positive vision of the Indo-Pacific that harps on ASEAN centrality and emphasizes on inclusivity with South East Asia as a core area in the region.
  • From Look East policy, India has moved towards Act East policy with growing economic relations with the ASEAN, China, Japan and Australia.
  • India, France and Australia have held track 1.5 dialogue to identify security challenges and sustainability issues in the Indo Pacific region.
  • Safeguarding freedom of navigation and keeping Indo Pacific region stable is a crucial strategy for India.
  • India is planning to put greater energy to the IORA because the heart of its Indo-Pacific policy is rooted in the Indian Ocean. This integrates the blue economy part of the Indian policy.
  • With increasing joint military exercises, like Cobra Gold, India seeks to develop interoperability and standard operating procedures.
  • United States, India, Japan, and Australia — the “Quad” group — is emphasizing “Indo-Pacific” as a new strategic space. The Quad would lead to high level policy coordination on a number of issues that impact the rules-based regional order, including maritime security, terrorism, cyber security and connectivity.
  • India has taken an ambitious port development project called Sagarmala, which offers important efforts to build connectivity infrastructures, including physical, institutional and people-to-people linkages in the Indo-Pacific region.

Conclusion:

India is already assuming her responsibilities in securing the Indo-Pacific region. The responsibility also lies with the other countries in the region to formalize closer security ties to safeguard shared principles and to promote peaceful resolution of disputes.

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