Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam: Paper - II (General Studies – I) - 12 November 2019

Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS Mains Exam


Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam


UPSC Syllabus:

  • Paper-II: General Studies - I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Q. Who are the Brus? How to overcome the challenges being faced by the Bru community in the repatriation process? (250 words)

Model Answer:

  • Why in News?
  • Introduction
  • Who are the Brus?
  • Challenges being faced by the Brus in the repatriation process
  • Ways to overcome the challenges
  • Conclusion

Why in News?

The Mizoram Government has decided that the ongoing process of Bru repatriation would be the last one and it would not be extended beyond the time limit.

Introduction:

In 1995, due to a bout of the clash between Mizos and Brus, the Young Mizo Association and Mizo Students’ Association demanded that Brus be removed from the state’s electoral rolls, contending that the tribe was not indigenous to Mizoram. Following this, ethnic violence against the Brus forced them to leave their native land Mizoram in 1997 and settle in Tripura.

Who are the Brus?

  • The Brus also is known as the ‘Reang’ is one of the 21 scheduled tribes of the Indian state of Tripura.
  • In Mizoram, they inhabited small pockets of Mamit, Lunglei and Lawngtlai districts.
  • Mamit bordering North Tripura is inhabited mostly by the Bru Community.
  • They are also found in Mizoram, Assam, Manipur, and Bangladesh.
  • The Brus are very similar to the Tripuri Tribe of Tripura.
  • Dance forms an integral part of the Bru Community. The Hojagiri folk dance of the Reang sub-tribe is rather well known all over the world. ‘Buisu’ is the most popular festival of Reang tribes.
  • The majority of the Brus follow the Vaishnav School of Hinduism.
  • They are mainly polytheists and believe in multiple Gods and Goddesses.

Challenges being faced by the Brus in the repatriation process:

  • The murder of a Mizo forest guard at the Dampa Tiger Reserve in Mizoram’s Mamit district allegedly by Bru militants led to a violent backlash against the community, forcing several thousand people to flee to neighbouring Tripura. Since then, the displaced Bru people are living in various refugee camps in Tripura.
  • The Bru militancy was a reactionary movement against Mizo Nationalist Groups who had demanded in the mid-1990s that the Brus be left out of the state’s electoral rolls, contending that the tribe was not indigenous to Mizoram.
  • The repatriation process again began in 2009 but it is alleged that the Bru extremists killed a Mizo teenager, triggering another round of retaliatory attacks and exodus of Brus to Tripura. But the protest by Mizo groups halted the process in the next few years.
  • With time, the Brus began demanding relief on a par with that of Kashmiri Pandit and Sri Lankan Tamil refugees. This made the repatriation process more tedious.
  • The repatriation talks were again initiated in 2015, with a better financial package. But the Mizoram Bru Displaced People’s Coordination Committee (MBDPCC), another refugee group, started demanding a better package that includes resettlement in clusters and an autonomous council for Brus.

Ways to overcome the challenges:

The repatriation process is going on for a long time and the final decision should be taken and the repatriation exercise should be concluded.

  • The demand of the Brus for an autonomous council should be accepted.
  • To secure their livelihoodjobs must be assured to at least one member of every Bru family.
  • They should also be provided with reservations in the Hill District Council of Mizoram.
  • Strict punishment should be meted out to those who carry out such ethnic violence against a particular community.
  • The displaced families had demanded land at one location, which Mizoram rejected. An agreement was reached that they will be relocated to the villages from where they had been displaced.

Conclusion:

The young generation of the Brus identifies themselves as the “rightful owner of the Hojaigiri dance, a second-largest community in Tripura and speakers of Kaubru.” The Brus are living their lives doing odd jobs. The government must work towards looking after their wellbeing and try towards bettering their lives in the long run.

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