Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam: Paper - II (General Studies – I) - 06 June 2020

Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS Mains Exam

Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam

UPSC Syllabus:

  • Paper-II: General Studies - I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Q. Enumerate the various schemes implemented by the Ministry of Culture to promote Folk/Tribal Art and Culture in India. (250 words)

Model Answer:

  • Why in News?
  • Introduction
  • Various schemes by the Ministry of Culture to promote Folk/Tribal Art and Culture in India
  • Conclusion

Why in News?

The Ministry of Culture has launched various schemes to promote and preserve Folk/Tribal Art and Culture throughout India.


The Ministry of Culture has set up the Zonal Cultural Council (ZCC) to preserve and promote various forms of folk art and culture throughout India. The ZCC has headquarters at Patiala, Nagpur, Udaipur, Prayagraj, Kolkata, Dimapur and Thanjavur.

These ZCCs organize various cultural activities and programmes all over the country regularly. These ZCCs implement several schemes for promoting folk/tribal art and culture. Few such schemes are as follows:

Various schemes by the Ministry of Culture to promote Folk/Tribal Art and Culture in India:

  • Award to Young Talented Artists: The Scheme “Young Talented Artists” is carried out to encourage and recognize young talents especially in the field of rare art forms.
  • Guru Shishya Parampara: This scheme envisages transmitting our valued traditions to the coming generations.
  • Disciples are trained under veterans in art forms which are rare and vanishing.
  • Rare and vanishing art forms of the region are identified and eminent exponents are selected to carry out the training programmes in ‘Gurukula’ tradition.
  • The names of the Gurus are recommended by the State Cultural Affairs Department.
  • Theatre Rejuvenation: To promote theatre activities including stage shows and Production oriented workshops, etc. The groups finalized based on their credentials as well as the merit of the project submitted by them.
  • Research & Documentation: To preserve promote and propagate vanishing visual and performing art forms including folk, tribal and classical in the field of music, dance, theatre, literature, fine arts, etc. in print/ audiovisual media. The art form is finalized in consultation with the state Cultural Department.
  • Shilpgram: To promote folk and tribal art and crafts of the zone by organizing seminars, workshops, exhibitions, craft fairs, design development and marketing support to the artisans living in the rural areas.
    Octave: To promote and propagate the rich cultural heritage of the North East region comprising of eight states namely Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Nagaland, Manipur and Tripura to the rest of India.
  • National Cultural Exchange Programme (NCEP): It can be termed as the lifeline of the Zonal Cultural Centers.
  • Under this scheme, various festivals of performing arts, exhibitions, yantras, etc are organized in member States.
  • Artists from other zones/states are invited to participate in these programmes.
  • The participation of artists from the Zone in festivals held in other parts of the country is also facilitated.
  • Zonal centres also participate in Major festivals happening in member States by arranging performances during these festivals where a large number of the audience get the chance to enjoy and understand art forms of other regions.
  • These festivals provide an opportunity to taste and understand the various cultures of our country.


Sahitya Akademi along with the various Zonal Councils all around India are encouraging the preservation and promotion of languages, especially the unrecognized and tribal languages as well as the various art and cultural forms of the tribals. The Akademi periodically organizes language conventions and various programmes in this regard.

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